Formerly, they were described in the singular as the "Himalaya". This was also previously transcribed "Himmaleh", as in Emily Dickinson 's poetry  and Henry David Thoreau 's essays. Geography and key features[ edit ] See also: List of Himalayan peaks and passes In the middle of the great curve of the Himalayan mountains lie the m peaks of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna in Nepalseparated by the Kali Gandaki Gorge.
The Himalayas are a prime example of how tectonic plate motion can manipulate the earth in extraordinary ways.
These colliding plates resulted in the formation of the highest mountain range on the planet. These plates collide with and separate from each other at different rates determined by a process known as convection.
Directly below the lithosphere is the inner mantle known as the aesthenosphere. As hot gas and liquid is produced it moves upward, displacing the cooler and denser gas and liquid.
The direction and rate of movement is totally dependent on what kinds of convection currents are at work below. Approximately million years ago, tectonic forces broke apart this giant continent into pieces, eventually forming the continents we know today.
As convection currents worked independently on the plates associated with these new continental pieces, the plates and their respective continents began to drift across the globe to their present-day geographical locations. Eighty million years ago, India was approximately km miles south of the Eurasian plate.
Separating the two was the Tethys Sea. The Indo-Australian tectonic plate — containing the continent of Australia, the Indian subcontinent, and surrounding ocean — was pushed northward by the convection currents generated in the inner mantle.
For millions of years, India made its way across the sea toward the Eurasian plate.
As India approached Asia, around 40 million years ago, the Tethys Sea began to shrink and its seabed slowly pushed upwards. The Tethys Sea disappeared completely around 20 million years ago and sediments rising from its seabed formed a mountain range.
When India and Tibet collided, instead of descending with the plate, the relatively light sedimentary and metamorphic rock that makes up the subcontinent of India pushed against Tibet, forcing it upwards, and created a massive mountain fold.
The Indo-Australian plate is still moving toward Eurasia, still pushing Tibet upwards. The Himalayas continue to rise by an average of 2 cm each year. The highest mountains are only getting higher. More from The Himalayas 6.The Himalaya Mountains were formed from a collision of tectonic plates.
The mountain formation primarily occurred in three phases that began about 50 million to 70 million years ago and most recently occurred about , years ago.
The tectonic plates still are moving, and the mountain range. Himalaya formed with the collision of indo-australian plate to the euratian plate. It's a folded mountain formed with the collision of two plate.
Before crores year ago indo- Australian plate was sliding toward north and it collide with euratian. The Himalayas, which stretch some 2, kilometres between India, Pakistan, China, and Nepal, is the world’s tallest mountain range.
In addition to Mount Everest, the world’s tallest mountain by peak elevation standing at 8, meters tall, the range also features several other mountain peaks over 8, meters. Formation of the Himalayas.
Geologically, the origin of the Himalayas is the impact of the Indian tectonic mtb15.com travels northward at 15 cm per year, and joined the Eurasian continent about million years ago.
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Making the Himalayas: Million Years in words. Once, all the world’s landmass was connected, forming one super-continent known as Pangea.